Natural Tour, Black Sea, Bulgaria
The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline. White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast. The region is an important center of tourism during the summer season (May–October), drawing millions of foreign and local tourists alike and constituting one of the country’s most popular tourist destinations.
Shabla – Kavarna – Kaliakra cap – Balchik- Golden Sands- Euxinograd – Varna Stone Forest
1. The Lighthouse at Cape Shabla and Karia Village. The Lighthouse at Cape Shabla is the oldest and the highest in the country – all 32 meters. Several years ago, the unique facility reached 150 years. Painted in white and red, for more than a century and a half it shows the way to navigators in the Black Sea. The Lighthouse protects the ships from colliding with a reef, which stretches nearly one sea mile, as well as preventing them from getting stuck in the shallows between Cape Shabla and the village of Tyulenovo. Its white light flashes three times every 25 seconds, and when there is good visibility it can be seen from a distance of 17 sea miles.
The people from Shabla proudly say that they have a small version of one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World – the Alexandria Lighthouse. 132 are the steps that lead to the halogen projector that stands on a constant watch and lights the way to the ships. The lightning rod of the lighthouse has a plated top. The lighthouse walls are 1.20 meters thick and cold does not penetrate into the room even during the winter.
There are four lighthouse keepers who work around the clock to monitor it. The duties are changed every 8 hours. The turning on and off of the light depends on the sunrise and sunset. In Shabla is the only officially registered by decree fishing village Karia. Its construction started in 1998 and the design was for single-storey and two-storey villas, perched on the beach. The treatment plant was built in 2007, but it was not connected to a sewer to the individual households. The village has streets, though still nameless, with tiny yards and fences. There are no gardens because the men joke that they are fishermen, not gardeners. The officially registered boats in Shabla, Tyulenovo and Krapets amount to 180.
2. Kavarna and Dalboka Mussel farm. The company Dalboka Ltd. was registered in 1993. It specializes in cultivation and production of ecologically clean Black Sea mussels from the Muthilus Gallaprovincialis species. The mussels belong to the filtrators type and their main food is phytoplankton and zooplankton. One mussel filters 82 litres of sea water for 24 hours. Yet, the mussels shall not be considered to be similar to a filtering paper. These living creatures show selectivity in their feeding. Therefore, the environment in which they live should be very clean. The farms of Dalboka are located in one of the most environmentally clean areas in the country (the North Black Sea coast) – the Kaliakra Bay. The first experimental underwater farm was constructed and put into operation in September 1994. In August 2003, Dalboka Company constructed a surface mussels farm with a total area of 780 m2, under the SAPARD Programme. In July 2006 the company implemented the second stage of the project – 1640 m2, also financed by the SAPARD Programme.
3. Kavarna Cape. Cape Kaliakra and the architectural reserve on its territory are located 12 km southeast of Kavarna. It is an oblong, narrowing rocky peninsula that juts out about 2 km into the sea. The rich history, the well-preserved landscape, and the beautiful panoramic views make Cape Kaliakra one of the most attractive tourist spots on the Black Sea Coast. The slopes of the cape take a 60 – 70 m plunge straight into the sea. The waves have carved caves and arches at its foot that can be approached only by the sea. In the past these tunnel-caves were connected to the fortress and were used for loading and unloading ships. Kaliakra is a nature and archaeological reserve. It stretches over 687.5 decares and comprises wild steppes and incredible coastal rocks. More than 400 plant species can be found in the reserve.
Balkan and Oriental motifs were used in the construction of the palace that was carried out by Italian architects Augustino and Americo, while a florist was hired from Switzerland to arrange the park.
The main building’s extravagant minaret coexists with a Christian chapel, perfectly illustrating the queen’s Bahá’í beliefs.Today many of the former royal villas and other buildings of the complex are reorganized inside and used to accommodate tourists.
5. Golden Sands Resort. Golden Sands resort is situated 19 km north-east of Varna and 490 km east of Sofia. North of Golden Sands resort is located Kranevo resort and south is Chaika holiday village. Golden Sands merges with Riviera resort and St. St. Constantine and Elena Resort resort. Golden Sands is the largest resort on the Northern Black Sea coast. The area is famous for the purest sand on the Black Sea coast. The resort is abundant in lush vegetation and with the numerous bushes and trees it resembles a real park. Golden Sands is marked as a Blue Flag resort, that is the beaches and the sea at Golden Sands are kept clean and pollution free. There are hundreds of hotels of different categories and prices in the resort, most of which are situated amidst broad-leaved forests. Golden Sands offers an aqua park and plenty of water sports to practice.
Beach and climate: Golden Sands resort occupies more than 1800 hectares in the Northern Black Sea coast. Golden Sands is famous for the purest sand on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. The resort resembles a park with its numerous trees and bushes.
- Hot mineral water springs and lush woodlands cascading from the Franga Plateau turn the resort into one of the most preferable tourist sites. The air temperature from May to September is 18 – 28°C, and the water temperature is around 18-24°C.
- The combination of mineral waters and a specific climate is successfully used for treatment of neurosis, arthritis, asthma, stress, chronic pharyngitis, bronchitis, etc.
- The sea and the beaches of Golden Sands resort are clean and pollution free, that why Golden Sands is marked as a Blue Flag resort. The beach of Golden sands is full of sunbeds and parasols. You can pay to use them or you can place your towel at the free zones behind the sunbeds.
7. Euxinograd Palace and Botanical Garden. Not among the largest countries Bulgaria takes pride in seven royal palaces (Royal Palace in Sofia, Balchik Palace, Vrana Palace, Euxinograd, Banya Palace, Tsarska Bistritsa and Krichim Palace) that are worth visiting. One of these remarkable and unique places is situated close to Varna, just 8 kilometers north of the city – the Euxinograd palace. If you are visiting our city I highly recommend taking the trip to the Euxinograd complex. It’s a place that unites abundant vegetation, history and majesty. Euxinograd is a good example of the cultural progress that our country marked after the end of the Ottoman domination. The complex (castle and park) was used as a summer residence by the monarchs who governed Bulgaria after the liberation (1878). Nowadays it is used by the government representatives for meeting and greeting other goverment officials. The complex is also open for tourist visits.