Medieval Heritage South, Black Sea, Bulgaria
The cultural history of the region is millennium old. The oldest vestiges of life – pole dwellings from the chalcolithic and bronze age – have been discovered near the Beloslavsko Lake. Dark Hole (Temnata Dupka) Cave on its bank also preserves traces of a prehistoric life. Remains of ancient settlements, structures, necropolises, castles are found at many places in the region. The cultural monuments are evidence of the well-developed civilization in this area. A gold treasure was found in 1972 during archaeological excavations of the chalcolythic necropolis at Varna.
The treasure dates from 32–30th c. BC and is believed to be the oldest golden works of art. The largest Roman thermal (baths) that have been found so far in Bulgaria are those in Varna. Good evidence of the medieval culture in the region are the gold treasure from the beginning of the 6th c. found in 1961, Aladzha Rock Monastery, etc. Some architectural monuments of the National Revival period are preserved too.
One day tour : Varna- Avren – Golitsa
1. VLADISSLAV VARNENCHIK PARK MUSEUM
In the exposition every visitor has the possibility to see :
- arms and equipment from XV century, found on the battlefield (helmets, cross-bows, swords, shields, spears, etc.)
- paintings, sculptures, prints and other works of art, dedicated to the battle of Varna
- flags, models, tickets and coats of arms
On the territory of the museum there can be seen two Thracian mounds where a Thracian tomb from IV c. BC is situated.
In 1935 a token mausoleum of the perished 20-year-old King Vladislav Varnenchik is built above it.
The museum is open to visitors in 1964 in honour of 520th anniversary from the battle of Varna between the Christian armies of the Polish- Hungarian King Vladislav III Yagello and the Turkish armies under command of sultan Murad II.
In 1964 is raised a monument of Yanosh Hunyadi – commander-in-chief of the King Vladislav’s army, Transylvanian leader, regent of Hungaria from 1446.
In 2004 the museum and the exposition are entirely modernized .
- The museum disposes with a hall for temporary exhibitions. Among the interesting exhibitions, presented in it to this moment , they are :
- “Historical medieval costumes”
- Exhibition- Printing of Varna’s graphic artist Borislav Kuzmanov
- “Poland in the epoch of the Yagellons ”(made in the Museum to the Polish army in Warsaw)
- The photo-exhibition “Knight’s skirmishes beside the fortress Varna” (photographed at the time of the recovery of the battle of Varna on 18th May 2008)
- The international exhibition “Warriors of freedom”, dedicated to the 130th anniversary from the Liberation of Bulgaria, etc.
- A special hall in the museum building is dedicated to the commander-in chief Yanosh Hunyadi.
- In the Exhibition hall Petar Dimkov are exposed personal belongings , photographs, orders and documents about the life and the activity of “cosmic Bulgarian” whom today we call The Healer.
3. Petrich Kale. Fortress “Petrich Kale” (or “Petricha”) was an important fortress in the defense system of the medieval Bulgarian state. It is located 4 km.north of the village of Avren and a 1 kilometer east of the the railway station of Razdelna on Varna-Sofia railway line. The castle dates from the V-th century but for a certain period was destroyed and rebuilt again in XI-XII century. In addition to Bulgarian, the “Petrich Kale” fortress is associated also with the Czech, Polish and Hungarian history. During the last crusade the United Christian armies under the leadership of the Polish-Hungarian king Vladislav III Jagiello Varnenchik on November 7, 1444 the fortress was conquered and destroyed. The place is attractive for tourism and there is a tourist lodge built nearby. The rocks near the fortress are excellent for mountaineering and climbing.