Georgia is the country with great potential for the development of tourism. One can hardly find many places in the whole world that may hold such diverse landscapes within such a small area (69,7 thousand sq km) – from humid subtropics (in western Georgia) and semi deserts (in eastern part of the country) to perennial snows and glaciers of high mountains. It is remarkable that Georgia is rich both in natural and anthropological recreational resources and it is the best basis for development of different types of tourism, such as cultural, adventure, MICE, medical, gastronomical, ecological, rural, mountaineering, rafting, walking and trekking, caving and skiing as well.
We will offer you four significant options for treatment of different diseases. These options are: Borjomi, Tskaltubo, Ureki, Bakhmaro and the interesting attractions around them, as persons besides some curative manipulations need cognition of natural or/and historical attractions, relaxation and entertainment as well. Duration of stay at resort depends on the type and specific of needed treatment. It must be mentioned that tourists can get to those destinations by air: the nearest international airport for Borjomi is in Tbilisi or in Kutaisi, for Tskaltubo – in Kutaisi, for Ureki and Bakhmaro – in Batumi.
1. Borjomi. Borjomi is a resort of international status. It is located between the evergreen slopes of the Meskheti and Trialeti Ridges (the Lesser Caucasus), in the picturesque valley of the Mtkvari-River and its tributaries – Borjomula and Gujaretistskali 800-1000 m above sea level. Vegetation is mainly represented by coniferous (fir, pine, silver fir) and deciduous (oak, beech, hornbeam, birch) species. Climatic particularities are determined by the location of the resort in the forest zone of the subtropical belt.
Summer is warm with mostly sunny weather. Average monthly temperature of August is +20,10C. The first frosts are observed at the end of October. Winter is moderately mild with little snow. Stable snow cover with an average depth of 24 sm exists since late December till early March. Average monthly temperature of January is -2,10C. Precipitation totals up to 653 mm per annum. The Borjomi plateau totals 1900 hr of sunshine per annum. There is much less sunshine in the Park of Mineral Waters lying deeper and in the narrow canyon of the Borjomula-River. Weak mountain and valley winds are typical, favoring a good ventilation of the resort.
In addition to its salubrious climate, Borjomi is famous for its mineral waters, which are the other major curative factor. In terms of chemical composition the mineral waters are of acidulous, hydro carbonate, sodium variety. Temperature of the waters in various springs ranges from +17 to +380C. General salinity is 5-7g/l. Mineral waters are mainly used as a curative drink, for medical baths, inhalation, lavage of stomach and intestine. They are used as a curative-and-table drink outside the resort.
It is exported to over 40 countries. The production of mineral water and the associated tourist economy in Borjomi and the nearby Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park make up 10 percent of Georgia’s export trade.
3. Romanov’s Palace in Likani. In the 19th century Tsar Nicholas built an elegant palace at Likani in the Borjomi gorge and developed the mineral water facilities. He also built a charming narrowgage railway which to this day still transports visitors up to the mountain resort of Bakuriani, a thousand meters above.
4. Botjomi-Kharagauli National Park. Botjomi-Kharagauli National Park is the first national park in Caucasus and according to its area one of the largest in Europe. It is located in the central part of Georgia. The park is included in PAN-Parks network of European Protected Area, which is a guarantee for high level defense of the protected area and development of stable tourism. There are 9 tracks of different complexity in the park.
5. Bakuriani. Bakuriani is the famous ski resort (29 km south-east of Borjomi) which offers runs at all levels, suiting beginners, professional skiers and snowboarders alike. The resort is convenient for winter sports, tourism, summer recreation for families, especially with small children.
6. Vardzia. Vardzia is the cave-town architectural complex, the main part of it was built in the 12th century in the period of Queen Tamar. It was excavated in the slopes of the Erusheti Mountain on the left bank of the River Mtkvari, 65 kilometers from Borjomi. The caves stretch along the cliff for some five hundred meters and up to thirteen tiers. The caves could dwell about 50 thousand people simultaneously. The Church of the Dormition has an important series of wall paintings, where there are portraits of King George III and Queen Tamar. The site was largely abandoned in the sixteenth century. Now part of a state heritage reserve, the extended area of Vardzia-Khertvisi has been submitted for future inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
8. Kutaisi. Kutaisi is the second largest town of Georgia and the principal city of Western Georgia. There are several significant attractions in and around the town both natural and anthropological as well. Of main importance are Sataplia and Prometheus karst caves, Bagrati, Gelati and Motsameta monasteries which are functioning to the present day.
9. Bagrati Cathedral. The Cathedral of the Dormition of Kutaisi, more commonly known as Bagrati Cathedral, is the 11th century cathedral church. It proudly watches over the city and the Rioni River and has been the home of Colchis kings since antiquity. The cathedral served as a masterpiece in the history of modern and medieval Georgian architecture. A distinct landmark in the scenery of central Kutaisi, the cathedral rests upon the top of Ukimerioni Hill. It was built in the early years of the 11th century, during the reign of King Bagrat III, due to which it was called “Bagrati” cathedral. Since 1994 the Cathedral, together with the Gelaty Monastery, was included in UNESCO’s World Heritage Site list. Recently it has been rehabilitated and re-covered.
11. Prometheus cave. Prometheus cave known also as the Tskhaltubo cave is the wonderful monument of nature. Prometheus cave located in the neighborhood of the city of Tskhaltubo, is a nature sanctuary. In the cave 17 halls are revealed for today. In the cave constant air temperature keeps at the level of 15-17°C. Total length of a cave is about 20 km from which only 1060 m are open for visitors. At the end of the path you can see the beautiful lake. It is richly decorated with melted shapes such as stalactites, stalagmites, “stone curtains”, “frozen waterfalls” and other melt forms.
The Gelati monastery, built by the King David Agmashenebeli – the man who unified East and West Georgia, dates from the period of Georgia’s golden age, the 12th century.
13. Motsameta Monastery. The name of the church, Motsameta (“place of martyrs”), is tied to the nobles of Argveti, brothers David and Constantine Mkheidzes, who organized a revolt against the Arabs. The revolt was unsuccessful and the Arabs captured both brothers, proposing forgiveness in return if the brothers converted to Islam. The brothers would not give up their religion, and they were tortured and their bodies were thrown into the river. The river turned red and has been known as Tskaltsitela (”The Red Water”) ever since. People buried the bodies of brothers on the nearby hill and the church declared both of them as saints. Later, during the 11th century, King Bagrat IV built a temple over their graves.
According to legend, there used to be a secret tunnel between Motsameta and Gelati Monasteries, used by people during wars.Motsameta was a naturally unreachable place due to its location: it is surrounded by Tskaltsitela River from three sides and walled on the fourth side.
15. Poti. The ancient Greeks established trading posts on the Kolkheti Lowlands more than 3000 years ago. The famous story of Jason and his crew of Argonauts seeking a golden fleece comes from this area at that time. Poti is one of those ancient colonies which was called Phasis. The town is located at the place where the River Rioni flows into the Black Sea. Today Poti is a major seaport and industrial center of Georgia.
16. Batumi. Climatic resort of Batumi and its remarkable sights are described in Batumi Sightseeing Tour.
Winter is moderately mild (average monthly temperature of January is -5,50C). Snow cover is very high (some years it reaches 4-5 m) and exists for about 6 months. Summer is moderately dry (average monthly temperature of August is +13,40C). Precipitation totals about 1600 mm per annum. Average annual relative humidity of air is 73%. There are over 2000 hours of sunshine per annum. There is a very intensive ultraviolet solar radiation. Mountain and valley winds are typical, ensuring a good natural ventilation of the resort area.
19. Botanical Garden. Batumi Botanical Garden is situated 9 km north to Batumi on the cape called Mtsvane Kontskhi (Green Cape). The garden is very interesting as the plants of completely different climatic and landscape zones co-exist here side by side. It may seem strange that the date-palm as well as Japanese Sakura grow equally well here. The garden represents thousands of plant species of astonishing beauty. Visitors are always fascinated by 1200 species of Rose. The wealth of the garden is represented by 9 departments of East Asia, North America, New Zealand, South America, the Himalayas, Mexico, Australia, the Mediterranean Sea and Caucasian humid subtropics. The sea view from the Botanical Garden is really impressive. Equally impressive is the view of the garden from the sea. The most appropriate period here is late spring, summer and early autumn, when exotic plants burst into colorful blossoms in turn and wrap the whole cape in passionate aroma.